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National Incident Based Reporting System (NIBRS)

The Texas version of IBR, includes all national data elements as well as Texas-specific data. As of July 2018, approximately 870 agencies have committed to transition to NIBRS reporting by January 2021, the transition date set forth by the FBI. At this time, there is not a separate publication for IBR data. IBR data is converted to summary for its inclusion in the Crime in Texas report.

Major Differences – Summary vs. NIBRS

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program (UCR) provides a nationwide view of crime based on the submission of crime information by law enforcement agencies throughout the country. This data is used in law enforcement administration, operation, and management, as well as to indicate the level and nature of crime in the United States.

Unlike the summary-based UCR Program, IBR collects data on each single crime occurrence. NIBRS collects data on each single incident and arrest within 24 offense categories made up of 52 Group A offenses. The offenses that fall into this category are:

  1. Animal Cruelty
  2. Arson
  3. Assault
  4. Bribery
  5. Burglary/Breaking and Entering
  6. Counterfeiting/Forgery
  7. Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property
  8. Drug/Narcotic Offenses
  9. Embezzlement
  10. Extortion/Blackmail
  11. Fraud
  12. Gambling
  13. Homicide
  14. Human Trafficking
  15. Kidnapping/Abduction
  16. Larceny/Theft
  17. Motor Vehicle Theft
  18. Pornography/Obscene Material
  19. Prostitution
  20. Robbery
  21. Sex Offenses
  22. Sex Offenses, Nonforcible
  23. Stolen Property
  24. Weapon Law Violations

In addition, there are 10 Group B offense categories for which only arrest data are reported. Most Group B offenses only come to law enforcement attention when arrests are made.

  1. Bad Checks
  2. Curfew/Loitering/Vagrancy Violations
  3. Disorderly Conduct
  4. Driving Under the Influence
  5. Drunkenness
  6. Family Offenses, Nonviolent
  7. Liquor Law Violations
  8. Peeping Tom
  9. Trespass of Real Property
  10. All Other Offenses
    Runaway (Not a Crime but data is still collected)

Initiatives for NIBRS Transition

FBI Sunset of SRS. The FBI has announced that it will discontinue its support of its Summary Reporting System (SRS) for crime statistics and fully transition to the data-rich NIBRS data collection methodology by January 1, 2021.

Texas Legislation. House Bill 11 (HB11) of the 84th Regular Session introduced the requirement for Texas to begin its transition from a primarily Summary Reporting (SRS) state to a National Incident Based (NIBRS) state, by setting a goal for transition to NIBRS by 2019. While there are some NIBRS contributors within the state, the vast majority are SRS reporting agencies. In an effort to assist agencies in their migration, the Legislature appropriated grant money to the Department, managed by the Office of the Governor, to fund local agency initiatives towards NIBRS compliance.

2017 NIBRS Migration Report to Legislature (PDF)

NIBRS Migration Packet

The Department has put together a series of documents from various sources that will assist agencies in their transition from SRS to NIBRS, as well as answer many of the questions that exist regarding the differences between the two reporting methodologies. The NIBRS Migration Packet includes information regarding steps to migration, the effect NIBRS reporting has on an agency's crime statistics, media kits, etc. This information has been developed by the Department of Public Safety, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reporting Section, law enforcement, and the Bureau of Justice Statistics, specifically the National Crime Statistics Exchange (NCS-X) Project.

NIBRS Helpful Videos:

For additional criminal justice information and on-line access to other resources, please review the National Clearinghouse for Criminal Justice Information Systems.

Questions regarding NIBRS transition can be directed to the DPS UCR NIBRS team at (512) 424-2091 or via email.