How to Stay Safe While the Heat Is On
Summer comes with heat waves and the American Red Cross has steps people can follow to stay safe as the temperatures soar.
Excessive heat has caused more deaths in recent years than any other weather event. Weather experts say we will have another extremely hot summer and that heat illnesses are possible, especially for people who work or spend extended periods outside.
NEVER LEAVE CHILDREN, PETS IN THE CAR
The inside temperature of the car can quickly reach 120 degrees. Other heat safety steps include:
Excessive heat can lead to sunburn, heat cramps, heat exhaustion and heat stroke. If someone is experiencing heat cramps in the legs or abdomen, get them to a cooler place, have them rest, lightly stretch the affected muscle, and replenish their fluids with a half a glass (about 4 ounces) of cool water every 15 minutes. If someone is exhibiting signs of heat exhaustion (cool, moist, pale or flushed skin, heavy sweating, headache, nausea, dizziness, weakness exhaustion), move them to a cooler place, remove or loosen tight clothing and spray the person with water or apply cool, wet cloths or towels to the skin. Fan the person. If they are conscious, give small amounts of cool water to drink. Make sure the person drinks slowly. Watch for changes in condition. If the person refuses water, vomits or begins to lose consciousness, call 9-1-1.
HEAT STROKE IS LIFE-THREATENING
Signs include hot, red skin which may be dry or moist; changes in consciousness; vomiting and high body temperature. Call 9-1-1 immediately if someone shows signs of heat stroke. Move the person to a cooler place. Quickly cool the person’s body by immersing them up to their neck in cold water if possible. Otherwise, douse or spray the person with cold water, or cover the person with cold, wet towels or bags of ice.
For more information on what to do when temperatures rise, visit American Red Cross, download the Red Cross Heat Wave Safety Checklist, or download the free Red Cross First Aid App. The app is available for iPhone and Android smart phone and tablet users in the Apple App Store and the Google Play Store for Android or go to Mobile Apps/American Red Cross.
Learn how to treat heat-related, and other emergencies by taking First Aid and CPR/AED training online or in person. Go to Red Cross Training for information and to register.