National Incident Based Reporting (NIBRS) Migration Packet
The Department has put together a series of documents from various sources that will assist agencies in their transition from SRS to NIBRS, as well as answer many of the questions that exist regarding the differences between the two reporting methodologies. The NIBRS Migration Packet includes information regarding steps to migration, the effect NIBRS reporting has on an agency's crime statistics, media kits, etc. This information has been developed by the Department of Public Safety, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reporting Section, law enforcement (Seattle PD) and the Bureau of Justice Statistics, specifically the National Crime Statistics Exchange (NCS-X) Project.
Sunset of SRS. The FBI has announced that it will discontinue its support of its Summary Reporting System (SRS) for crime statistics and fully transition to the data-rich NIBRS data collection methodology by January 1, 2021.
NCS-X Project. In an effort to meet the FBI goal and to improve crime statistics, the NCS-X project was initiated as a collaborative effort designed to implement processes to collect and extract incident based data from existing records management systems. The NCS-X project provided technical assistance and funding to approximately 400 agencies across the nation with the goal of enabling each of these agencies to report their UCR data utilizing an incident based reporting system rather than the summary based (paper) reporting system.
Texas Legislation. House Bill 11 (HB11) of the 84th Regular Session introduced the requirement for Texas to begin its transition from a primarily Summary Reporting (SRS) state to a National Incident Based (NIBRS) state, by setting a goal for transition to NIBRS by 2019. While there are some NIBRS contributors within the state, the vast majority are SRS reporting agencies. In an effort to assist agencies in their migration, the Legislature appropriated grant money to the Department, managed by the Office of the Governor, to fund local agency initiatives towards NIBRS compliance.
NIBRS Migration Packet
NIBRS Technical Data
Incident Based Reporting
Since its inception, the UCR program has provided a steady, reliable stream of information about crime in this nation. However, because UCR is a summary-based-reporting system, data about individual crime incidents are not available. The summary-based methodology, despite its reliability, is limited in many aspects. Limitations of the summary system include a lack of information on offenses, arrests, and victim/offender relationships.
To take advantage of new technological capabilities, the FBI, in conjunction with the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS), took part in a thorough study to modernize the UCR Program. The findings from this study were presented at the 7th Annual National UCR Conference in July 1984. The resulting document, Blueprint for the Future of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program: Final Report of the UCR Study, released in 1985, outlined the emerging Incident Based Reporting (IBR) system. With its implementation, IBR collects data on the circumstances of each crime incident in electronic form. The detail provided by IBR data greatly enhances the speed, availability, accuracy, and usefulness of crime statistics.
The Texas version of IBR, TIBRS, includes all national data elements as well as Texas-specific data. Although many years from full implementation, the Texas IBR program is currently collecting information from 124 IBR-certified agencies. At this time, there is not a separate publication for IBR data. IBR data is converted to summary for its inclusion in the Texas Crime Report.