The UCR Program
The objective of the Uniform Crime Reporting program is to produce reliable crime statistics for law enforcement administration, operation, and management. This information is also available as a measure of the fluctuations in the type and volume of crime in Texas.
History of UCR
National UCR Program
- 1920's - Recognizing a need for national crime statistics, the IACP formed the Committee on Uniform Crime Records to develop a system of uniform crime statistics.
- 1929 - After studying state criminal codes and making an evaluation of the recordkeeping practices in use, the committee completed a plan for crime reporting that became the foundation of the national UCR Program.
- 1979 - By congressional mandate, arson was added as a Part I offense category for Summary Reporting System (SRS).
- 1989 - The FBI began accepting NIBRS data from an initial group of agencies across the nation.
Overtime, modifications to the original NIBRS collection were necessary to ensure accurate capture of additional information to include:
- Bias-motivated offenses (1990);
- The presence of gang activity (1997);
- Data for law enforcement officers killed and assaulted (2003);
- Data on cargo theft (2005);
- New codes to further specify location types and property types (2010);
- Offender ethnicity (2013)
- Animal cruelty (2016)
- Identity theft and hacking/computer invasion (2016)
- Cyberspace – added as a location type (2016)
- 2013 - Human trafficking/commercial sex acts and human trafficking/involuntary servitude were added as Part I offenses (SRS)
Texas UCR Program
- January 1, 1976 - the State of Texas adopted the Uniform Crime Report as its official statewide crime report.
The Department of Public Safety accepted the responsibility to collect, validate and tabulate
UCR reports from all reporting jurisdictions in Texas.
- 1998 - The State of Texas became FBI certified as a state to contribute NIBRS data.
- September 1, 2015 - House Bill 11 which required the Department to implement a goal for
Texas law enforcement agencies to transition, as a whole, to NIBRS as the standard reporting
methodology to the national UCR program by September 1, 2019.
- December 2, 2015 – the Criminal Justice Information Services Division's Advisory Policy Board (APB) approved the
recommendation to sunset the traditional Summary Reporting System and replaces it with the
National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS) by January 1, 2021.
- December 2017 – The Department's UCR Program received their NIBRS recertification after transitioning to a new UCR system.
- September 2018 – Texas has received commitment from approximately 550 agencies to transition by the Texas goal of September 1, 2019,
and a total of approximately 900 agencies committed to transition by January 1, 2021.